Behavior: The Permanence Collection The permanence collection is a body of work that attempts to confront the behavior causing fundamental issues in today’s society. The work has a presence that is confrontational to push the viewer to question how they see their relationship to these problems. Materials are important because historically iron has been used in industry to support the ever expanding needs of the population. Iron in my work carries the aesthetic of the industrial environment. Bronze on the other hand, I use to represent all that is from the natural world. Sculptors in the past have used bronze in making statues of people, gods or creatures. The subject when cast in bronze becomes privileged with the aesthetic, historic and material qualities of the metal to emphasize its importance. My work plays with the image and the historical context of the metal.